Prostatitis is a common disease that men often face, and of different age groups. Inflammation of the prostate gland brings a lot of inconvenience to a person’s life, and in the absence of therapy inevitably leads to the development of dangerous complications. Of course, many people are looking for additional information about the pathology.
General information about the disease
What are the causes of prostatitis in men? Signs and symptoms, complications and therapy are important information to learn. But first, you should consider the general information.
Prostatitis is a disease that is accompanied by inflammation of the tissues of the prostate gland. As you know, this is an unpaired small organ located under the bladder – it actually covers the urinary tract. The prostate produces a secret that is part of the semen.
According to statistics, most often the disease affects people aged 25-50 years. Approximately 50–85% of patients aged 50 years and older have experienced some form of prostate inflammation at least once in their life.
As you can see, this is a very common ailment. That is why men are looking for more information. How do you know if you have prostatitis? What symptoms should you look out for? Are there effective treatments?
The reasons for the development of prostatitis. Predisposing factors
The cause of the inflammatory process is the activity of pathogenic microorganisms. The infection can be specific. For example, prostatitis is a consequence of a sexually transmitted disease. If we are talking about nonspecific inflammation, then the reason is the activity of staphylococci, streptococci, Escherichia coli. Sometimes prostatitis develops against the background of herpes. Of course, there are risk factors, the impact of which can trigger the start of the inflammatory process.
To begin with, it is worth noting that the disease can develop against the background of other infectious diseases, up to the common cold.
Risk factors include irregular sex life. For example, messy relationships increase the likelihood of infection in the body. Long-term abstinence is also harmful. Ideally, sexual activity should be regular, preferably with the same partner.
Prostatitis often develops against the background of stagnant processes in the pelvic area. Risk factors include sedentary work, a sedentary lifestyle.
Hypothermia (both general and local) can also trigger the development of the inflammatory process.
Risk factors include chronic constipation and other disorders of the digestive tract.
The inflammatory process can be the result of urethral reflux, which is accompanied by a reverse flow of urine and its reflux into the genital ducts. Such a disorder is often associated with inflammatory diseases of the urethra or improper bladder catheterization.
Changes in hormonal levels are also potentially dangerous, especially when it comes to reducing the level of male sex hormones. By the way, this is why mature and elderly men are more likely to experience prostatitis.
Risk factors include constant stress and nervous strain, inaccuracies in the diet (in particular, an excess of spicy food), alcohol abuse. If there are prerequisites, these factors can provoke the development of an inflammatory process or an exacerbation of the chronic form of prostatitis.
The doctor should know not only about how to define prostatitis in men. It is very important to find out what exactly triggered the development of the disease.